In line with the focus on carbon markets and the Article 6 rulebook at this year’s COP negotiations, IKEM will participate in events to share ideas for net-zero market designs that increase climate ambition and economic advantages for sustainable action. In particular, IKEM will focus its participation and advocacy on the sustainable future of cities and a framework that provides coherent pathways to carbon neutral sustainable urban planning.
IKEM events at COP26
Climate Law & Governance Day
Sustainable urban planning: regulatory frameworks for and investment in rapid decarbonization of cities
5 November 2021, 10:15-11:25 | University of Glasgow, Kelvin Gallery, University Avenue, Glasgow G12 8QQ
Responsible for about 75% of global GHG emissions, cities are major contributors to climate change and must therefore become active drivers of climate action.
City governments play a key role in planning and regulation, along with creating the appropriate conditions for investment in carbon neutral sustainable urban planning. As part of this year’s Climate Law & Governance Day, IKEM invites mayors, legal experts and stakeholders to discuss best-practice examples for the decarbonization of cities.
Official COP side event
Net Zero Climate Law & Governance: Advancing Ambition & Action
6 November 2021, 11:30-12:45 | Clyde Auditorium, UNFCCC Blue Zone
We are looking forward to this interactive panel discussion hosted by the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL), Asociación Ambiente y Sociedad (AAS), Centro Alexander v. Humboldt and IKEM. The event features climate law and governance experts from around the world and focuses on strengthening Paris Agreement ambition, transparency and compliance. IKEM will share its research on implications, opportunities, and challenges specific to a sustainable transformation of cities.
10. November 2021, 11.00 | Broomfield Park, Glasgow G21 3UU
Therme One Health is joining forces with SUGI and IKEM to plant a high-density biodiverse Pocket Forest in this year’s COP host city Glasgow. Broomfield Forest will cover 400 sqm and consist of trees native to Scotland. It Forest will showcase how cities can become the centerstage of the redefinition of humans’ relationship with their environment, and catalysts for ecosystem restoration and planetarian wellbeing.
Climate Justice, Risk, and Wellbeing
11 November 2021 | Ramshorn Theatre, 16 Richmond St, Glasgow G1 1QX
IKEM director Prof. Dr. Rodi will be part of a roundtable discussion hosted by the COGITO Epistemology Research Centre as part of the UK Universities Network COP26 Innovation Showcase. Other panellists include: Mona Simion, Chris Kelp (University of Glasgow) and Giada Frantantonio (University of Edinburgh).
From Building to Growing Cities
11. November 2021, 19.00 | Platform, 253 Argyle St, Glasgow G2 8DL
Cities need to become more healthy and more sustainable. In order to reach this goal, we need to consider a new environment construction and building law. The panel discussion hosted by our partner Therme One Health will discuss this issue in detail and is part of our combined approaches for more sustainable, wellbeing cities under the One Health Research Center.
IKEM networking drinks
Daily from 19.00 | Changing locations
The official climate negotiations and side events in the Blue Zone are certainly the most important part of every COP. At the same time, the COP also offers an excellent opportunity to network with other researchers and climate activists in a less formal setting. Every evening after a long day at the COP, IKEM reunites at a restaurant or bar in central Glasgow. Check out our Twitter for the location and join us for a drink!
Background: Sustainable Cities
Cities are responsible for two-thirds of the world’s energy consumption and generate around 70% of global carbon emissions. There is significant variation in emission levels between cities due to differences in specific processes and other factors, including geographic location, economic strength, and household income levels. But despite such variation, the main sources of emissions in cities around the world are on-road traffic and fuel combustion in residential and commercial buildings.
In the future, the urban population will continue to grow as the global population increases. It is estimated that, by 2050, the number of people living in cities will have risen by 2.5 billion since 2018. To support this population growth, urban land area will likely grow by a factor of 2.5 in the same timeframe. This will exacerbate current problems, for example by extending ‘heat island’ effects to newly developed urban land.
n addition to their damaging impact on the natural environment, today’s cities harm the health of their inhabitants. Air pollution with nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and other pollutants is usually higher in urban areas and responsible for countless premature deaths each year. The risk of stress-related mental illness is also greater in cities than rural areas, as is the prevalence of allergic diseases.
In short, today’s cities are not healthy for the people who live there or for the planet as a whole. In accordance with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), IKEM proposes ‘Rethinking the Form and Function of the City’ to address this issue.
IKEM Working Paper
Policy Paper on Article 6
Art. 6 of th Paris Agreement (PA) provides for various voluntary options for Parties to jointly implement their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). However, countries will not be the only stakeholders potentially participating in international carbon markets: Article 6.4 PA explicitly acknowledges the need to incentivise and facilitate the participation of private entities in the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). This policy paper provides recommendations on how the rulebook for Art. 6.4 PA can be designed to best enable private sector engagement without putting environmental integrity at risk.
Policy Brief: Key outcomes of COP26 negotiations on Article 6
After extensive negotiations, delegates at COP26 in Glasgow finally completed the rulebook for Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which establishes the rules for the operationalisation of international carbon market mechanisms. The details of the rulebook had remained unresolved since 2015, despite numerous rounds of negotiation.
This policy brief outlines the key outcomes and implications of COP26 negotiations for Art. 6 PA, and discusses potential consequences for the voluntary carbon market as well as REDD+.