Sohjoa Baltic: Legal Study on Autonomous Vehicles in the Baltic Sea Region

Autonomes Fahrzeug im Projekt Sohjoa Baltic (Foto: Boris Schønfeldt)Sohjoa Baltic is a transnational project which aims to establish driverless vehicles in public transport. The project is funded from the European Union’s Interreg Baltic Sea Region program. In a recently published study, IKEM and its partners have examined the legal requirements for the use of automated vehicles in the Baltic Sea region.

Many unanswered questions hinder public administrations from planning for and successfully integrating automated buses into the transportation system. The Sohjoa Baltic European Legal Implementation Roadmap provides an overview of the legal challenges that arise when implementing automated buses as part of public transport.

Automated vehicles are vehicles that rely on an automated driving system rather than a manual system. This means that they can operate without human intervention (SAE level 3 and higher). The areas of law examined in the roadmap are car registration, passenger transportation, personal legal requirements for the vehicle operator, data protection, liability and criminal law.

The roadmap is intended to provide relevant legal information for organizations interested in integrating automated driving into the public transport system. It identifies the main implementation bottlenecks and gives practical insight into the requirements that must be fulfilled in every participating country before an automated vehicle can be operated on public roads.

This roadmap was prepared by IKEM, with the input of project partners from Finland, Estonia, Denmark, Latvia, Poland, Sweden and Norway. Because the European legal framework continues to evolve, in 2020 an updated version is planned to be published.

Matthias Hartwig
Magazinstraße 15-16 , D-10179 Berlin
Tel. +49 (0)30 40 81 87 016

[button icon=”icon-star-empty” title=”More About The Project: Link
[button icon=”hb-moon-file-pdf” title=”Download PDF: Link


IKEM – Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility e.V.