Dr Michaela Valentova of CVUT spoke at the 16th European Conference of the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) about the similarities and differences of the Czech and German approach towards financing the energy transition. Thereby, she focused on lessons learned from developing and analyzing German and Czech maps of climate and energy investment.
Valentová, Michaela; Knápek, Jaroslav; Novikova, AleksandraClimate and energy investment map – CzechiaStatus report 2017: Buildings and renewable energy supply and infrastructure. Prague: Czech Technical University in Prague. 2019.
The climate and energy investment map (CEIM) for Czechia aims to inform the discussion on current domestic investment of the country into meeting EU 2030 energy and climate targets. Using data from the year 2017, the report identifies, tracks, and explains the amount of public and private money invested in technologies and other tangible measures in Czechia that lead to GHG emission reduction. The report covers the buildings sector as well as the renewable energy supply and infrastructure sector. It also assesses methodological and data challenges.
Based on the information available, in 2017, at least EUR 688 million was invested in GHG measures in both sectors. Of this volume, EUR 592 million was invested in the decarbonisation of the buildings sector and EUR 96 million was invested in the renewable energy supply and infrastructure sector. If the analysis is conducted by measure, the largest share of the investment volume flowed into energy efficiency representing 63 % of the total tracked investment (EUR 432 million). This exceeds the amount of the investment in renewable energy installations (EUR 172 million), renewable energy infrastructure (EUR 24 million), and fuel switching in buildings (EUR 59 million).
The main source of investment tracked was private investors, consisting of households and corporate actors, which contributed 60 % of the total investment (EUR 406 million). The rest of investment flowed from public sources, mainly from EU Funds and the country’s public budget, including budgets at national, regional, and local levels. Grants offered by public actors played the major role in driving both private and public investment. The main intermediaries assisting in the use of instruments were ministries and their agencies, as well as the capital market.
Novikova, Aleksandra; Stelmakh, Kateryna; Klinge, Alexander; Stamo, IrinaClimate and energy investment map in Germany – Status report 2016 2019.
This report aims to contribute to the discussion of EU Member States’ upcoming National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs), in which Member States are required to present information on existing investment flows to decarbonisation efforts. The report assesses existing data sources and climate-finance tracking systems to estimate climate and energy investment in Germany in 2016. It presents a map illustrating the volume of climate and energy investment flows – from the financing sources, through the intermediaries and financial instruments, to the recipient sectors (i.e. agriculture, buildings, energy, industry, and transport sectors). The map provides insight into who invests how much into what kind of measures. It is intended to serve as an example for Latvia and Czechia as they seek to replicate this exercise. The report also points to the status of available information and discusses the various methodological and data challenges encountered in the analysis.
This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI – www.euki.de) funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).
IKEM – Institute for Climate Protection,
Energy and Mobility e.V.