Factsheets published

How fleet quotas and emissions trading contribute to the mobility transition

Bus der VLP

As part of the EUniS project, IKEM published factsheets that delve into the European Clean Vehicle Directive (CVD) and greenhouse gas quota trading. These factsheets are specifically designed to examine the effects of these instruments on public transport fleet operators.

By 2030, the share of clean buses in Europe should be increased to 65 percent. To achieve this goal, there have recently been changes in the legal framework for the procurement and operation of vehicles:

  • For example, in accordance with the national implementation of the CVD (“Clean Vehicles Procurement Act”), binding minimum targets for the procurement of low- and zero-emission vehicles have been applied to public procurement for the first time since August 2021.
  • A revision of the Federal Immission Control Act also enables operators of charging points and owners of electric vehicles to participate in greenhouse gas quota trading for the first time.

“The minimum targets from the CVD are not only an obligation, but also an opportunity for public transport companies. With newly procured e-buses, you can now participate in greenhouse gas quota trading and thus also generate financial returns. The legal framework thus provides additional incentives for investment in electromobility – a key prerequisite for a successful mobility transition,” concludes author Sophie Kamenz.

About EUniS:
EUniS is investigating the interaction of public transport and the energy industry in an integrated electromobility concept for buses in rural areas. In the project, IKEM is responsible for the accompanying legal research.

Download the factsheet: Clean vehicles in local public transport - even without quota trading
Download the factsheet: What does greenhouse gas quota trading mean for public transport operators with e-buses?


IKEM – Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility e.V.