New CAMPFIRE Publications

Green ammonia as an essential component of the energy transition

In the CAMPFIRE project, the Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility (IKEM) has published studies on the potential of green ammonia for the decarbonization of various sectors in Germany and Europe, and on the approval of ammonia-powered inland vessels.

“Ammonia is in many ways a prime candidate to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from our energy system. This is especially true for energy-intensive sectors of the economy and applications such as inland vessels that cannot be easily electrified. Our research shows: To realize this potential, we need to remove regulatory hurdles and create an environment where ammonia can be used on a large scale and contribute to climate protection,” explains Dàmir Belltheus Avdic, head of IKEM’s Climate and Innovation Department.

IKEM’s latest research findings include:

  • A legal study by the IKEM Department of Energy Law that examines the legal framework for the approval of ammonia-powered inland vessels and develops recommendations for action to overcome existing regulatory gaps and barriers.
  • An accompanying factsheet that presents the key findings and recommendations of the legal study.
  • A study by IKEM’s Climate and Innovation Department that compares and analyzes the potential of green ammonia and other green fuels. Specifically, the study examines the market potential of ammonia in various sectors, which previous applications and energy sources it could replace, and what impact this could have on greenhouse gas emission levels.

Further IKEM publications on ammonia can be found on the CAMPFIRE project page.


The legal study and the factsheet were developed in the research project CAMPFIRE – funded by the program “WIR! – Change through Innovation in the Region” of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). In CAMPFIRE, IKEM is researching the production of fuels from wind and water for the energy and mobility transition in the North-East region.

The potential analysis study was conducted as part of the TransHyDE project, which is funded by the BMBF’s “Hydrogen Republic of Germany” competition initiative.


IKEM – Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility e.V.