IKEM examines the legal framework for automated minibuses and their integration into public transport.


The ABSOLUT project is exploring in northern Leipzig how automated minibuses can be integrated into the public transport system. The follow-up project ABSOLUT II aims to move another step closer to this goal: The safety driver previously on board the vehicle is to be replaced by a technical supervisor in a control centre that can keep several vehicles in operation at the same time. ABSOLUT II will create and test the technological foundations for such a system.

IKEM will provide legal research for the project and will analyse the new legal requirements for the approval process, technical supervision and operational procedures as well as liability issues. This will ensure, among other things, a legally compliant implementation of the technical supervision – a key prerequisite for testing the system with passengers. Based on the findings from the project, IKEM will also develop recommendations for improving the legal framework for automated driving.


Timon Plass

Timon Plass

+49 (0)30 408 1870-46

ABSOLUT II – Automatischer Busshuttle selbstorganisierend zwischen Leipzig und dem BMW-Terminal II

Principal: Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action

Funding programme: „IKT für Elektromobilität 5“

Project partner: Advanced Navigation Solutions , BitCtrl Systems , BMW Group Werk Leipzig, FSD – Zentrale Stelle , glts cotech , INIT , Leipziger Messe, Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe , Sedenius Engineering , Stadt Leipzig, Technische Universität Dresden

Duration: 11/2023–09/2026