In a study published today, IKEM the legal framework for the import of renewable hydrogen and hydrogen carrier media from Australia to Germany. The scientists at IKEM conclude that the regulatory framework does not fundamentally prevent imports.
Hydrogen is a key technology for achieving climate goals. However, the market ramp-up envisaged by the national hydrogen strategy cannot be achieved with domestic generation alone. In order to implement the ambitious goals of the federal government, international partnerships are needed for hydrogen imports – for example with Australia, which wants to expand its generation capacities in the next few years and is relying heavily on exports with its hydrogen strategy.
On behalf of the HySupply project, IKEM IKEM the legal framework for the transport of hydrogen from Australia to Germany. The study presented today deals with substance-related regulation along the transport route via the international sea route to import via seaports and further transport via inland waterway vessels, road, rail or pipelines. The focus was on the four hydrogen transport options LH2, ammonia, methanol and LOHC.
The review of the legal framework showed that the establishment of the import infrastructure is possible. However, this is associated with extensive legal requirements and approvals, which affect, among other things, the construction of ships, safe handling during transport, documentation and personnel. Complicated approval processes are currently required, particularly in the area of the necessary landside import infrastructure.
“In order to cover the energy needs in Germany and Europe, we will not be able to do without imports, even with a massive expansion of renewables. Australia is a reliable partner for this,” says IKEM Managing Director Dr. Simon Schäfer-Stradowsky.
Leony Ohle, co-author of the study, adds: “The regulatory and planning framework for hydrogen imports is complex and the safety requirements are high. In order for investments to be made and for the partnership with Australia to become a reality, the companies involved now need planning and investment security above all.”
Further information on the study is available on the websites of acatech – German Academy of Science and Engineering and the Federation of German Industries .